India at the Crossroads -- Sustaining Growth and Reducing Poverty


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Kisan Baburao Hazare, 75, is India's most influential political provocateur. He is hated by some, admired by many and, most of all, seen as a force for change. Through his hunger strikes, the social activist with the honorific "Anna" "big brother" is even likened to Mahatma Gandhi -- the ultimate honor.

Hazare's village is in an arid region of the western Indian state of Maharashtra. Bumpy paths lead past filthy tearooms that help to explain an angry outburst by Minister of Rural Development Jairam Ramesh, one of India's few plain-talking politicians, in November He complained that India remains "the dirtiest and filthiest country" in the world, adding that it was paradoxical that women were demanding cell phones rather than toilets. But as soon as the car turns into Ralegan Siddhi, everything looks different. The place is striking for its clean-swept streets, its immaculate white school with a computer room, and its irrigation project.

Hazare, the social activist, is the unofficial mayor of Ralegan Siddhi, and he is proud of what he has achieved there. He is standing in front of a bust of Gandhi at the temple where he lives in a modest back room, with a snow-white Gandhi cap placed carefully on his head. Hazare's story is remarkable. He left school at 12 and, for the rest of his teenage years, sold flower garlands in the streets of Bombay now called Mumbai , where he was homeless. A committed patriot, he joined the army in During the war with Pakistan, in , he was the only survivor of an enemy airstrike at the border post where he was stationed.

Grateful to have escaped alive and convinced of his "divine calling," he decided to return to civilian life and change his country, always keeping Gandhi's concept of sustainable village development at the back of his mind. He also followed Gandhi in his later commitment to a life of celibacy. Most of the men made their money with illegal stills and had become alcoholics themselves," Hazare says.

Hazare has consistently remained true to his fanatical desire to improve the nation and the circumstances of its citizens. There has been a lot of Gandhi to his methods, but also a healthy portion of Taliban. Back in , Hazare recognized nepotism as the fundamental evil of Indian society. But the time for change seems have to come to India now that large parts of the country are no longer willing to look on as politicians and government officials line their pockets.

India is ranked 95th in Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index, making it even more corrupt than the People's Republic of China and many African countries. There have been many recent reports of scandals in India. When the country hosted the Commonwealth Games in , it cost taxpayers at least 15 times as much as the original estimate.

But Indians aren't just outraged about corruption at the highest levels. In daily life, hardly anything happens anymore without paying bribes. According to an unofficial list, bribes are now commonplace in the capital. In April , Hazare hit a nerve when he went to New Delhi to protest against nepotism with a hunger strike and demand that politicians take concrete steps to fight corruption.

His supporters built a stage for him in the city's central Ramlila Ground, where he staged an attention-grabbing public fast. The crowd grew from a few hundred to several thousand and, after a week, there were upwards of , people witnessing his hunger strike.

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Well-informed through private TV stations and the Internet, they flocked to the square and supported him with their chants. But the violence that China's leaders chose to employ at the time was never an option for the Indian government. After a day hunger strike, the parliament bowed to the activist's demands and promised to pass a tough anti-corruption law. Hazare drank a little coconut milk and honey and left his stage in the capital while being celebrated by his fans as a victor. But, today, the bill remains bogged down in the upper house. Is Hazare's popular movement truly the birthplace of a new civil society, as his supporters have gleefully proclaimed?

Or does it actually harm India's democratic institutions? Or, as the magazine Outlook put it, is the movement like a torrent threatening to "overflow the banks of the constitution" and possibly bearing "shades of anarchy"? During a meeting in his village, it becomes apparent how much Hazare has become an important player in Indian politics. It feels a little like being at court, with parliamentarians from all parties watching each other furtively in the small center of action, a room filled with books, constantly keeping an eye on the closed door to the inner sanctuary.

The moment that Hazare steps into the waiting room, everyone pounces on him, telling him about their concerns, touching him and, in the truest sense of the word, trying to grab a piece of the coattails of the newly powerful activist. Hazare waves some of them away like flies, while lending his ear to others. Only a few days ago, Hazare decided to stage another public hunger strike and to form a party with his group, "Team Anna. Sibal is often mentioned as a potential prime minister. Two people in the public eye couldn't be more different than Sibal and Hazare.

Sibal, a member of parliament for the ruling Indian National Congress party, wears tailored suits, and his office, filled with oak furniture, can only be reached after passing through a number of security checkpoints. It is conspicuously silent in the waiting room. Sibal attended Harvard Law School before embarking on a classic political career. A versatile politician capable of serving in various government capacities, Sibal's office has one thing in common with that of Hazare: There is a photo of Mahatma Gandhi on the wall.

Of course corruption is a problem, he says, just as it was a problem in comparable stages of economic development in Europe during the 20th century. The government has recognized this, he adds, and is prepared to take action. And yet, Amartya Sen, an Indian winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences who teaches at Harvard, wrote in a recent study that China makes far better use of its opportunities to advance social development throughout high economic growth rates, and that India is falling behind its rival in terms of life expectancy, education and infant mortality.

The minister doesn't like to hear this.

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Democracy is a process through which one arrives at consensus on the issue of how to proceed. This may be a slower here in India and, of course, Beijing can acquire property for building projects in other ways. But if something is legitimized by the rule of law, it will ultimately be more sustainable. Sibal wants to talk about successes, not shortcomings. Some , villages are already connected, and then we have our project that will provide revolutionary tablet computers for the masses.

It will change the lives of millions of people. Many a technology aficionado is thrilled about the "Aakash" "Sky". The government in New Delhi wants to begin the project by buying , computers and distributing them to schools throughout the country. Later, when the price of the tablet -- developed by the British company DataWind in cooperation with Indian software engineers -- can be brought down even further, the government expects to see 10 million users gaining access to the Aakash's Internet connection. Social activist Hazare sees high-tech firms and leading universities as small islands of prosperity in Indian cities that have little to do with the persistent state of misery in rural areas.

Sibal, for his part, envisions top-class performance that will contribute to the expansion of a middle class.

In the last decade alone, the ranks of the Indian middle class have grown from 50 million to more than million. But even the minister can hardly deny that there has been a serious drop in economic growth in recent months. Prime Minister Singh, once so eager to bring about reform, seems exhausted and tired of his position.

Populist regional parties are becoming stronger, and his coalition is in bad shape. There are rumors that Rahul Gandhi -- the general secretary of the Indian National Congress party, the grandson of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and the son of the powerful party leader, Sonia Gandhi -- could enter the cabinet and become Singh's successor if early elections were held.

But the year-old has yet to demonstrate how he intends to stop the demise of the dynasty and what qualifies him to be a strong leader -- and one who could make a break with crippling old traditions. Hindu scriptures describe a special place of the gods on the sacred Ganges River, a place that the god Shiva chose as his headquarters upon descending from the heights of the Himalayas. It was called Kashi "City of Light" about 3, years ago, then Banaras for many years and, today, it's the city of Varanasi.

Dying in Varanasi and having one's ashes scattered in the river is said to promise deliverance from the cycle of rebirths. For Hindus, washing their sins away in the holy river and drinking its waters are seen as great acts of deliverance. Before sunrise, a long line of people pushes its way through the narrow, twisted streets. The scene is straight out of a Fellini film: There are grotesquely overweight women draped in bright-red muslin, naked beggars with close-cropped hair and bodies covered with white ash, bald sadhus carrying giant, ochre-colored umbrellas made of dried palm fronds, shy little salesgirls with bowls of coconut pieces, vermilion powder and hibiscus flowers, and cursing rickshaw drivers dodging sacred cows.

They are all making their way down to the ghats, or steps leading down to the river, to participate in ritual bathing and to pray. There is an indefinable smell in the air, a mixture of coriander, goat droppings and incense -- and the sweet smell of human flesh. It is still the cremation period, especially at Manikarnika Ghat. Only a few hundred meters separate the steps from the area where men, women and children are taking their morning baths and even cleaning their teeth in the Ganges.

Swollen animal corpses, as well as human body parts, often float by in the current within view of the pilgrims. The cremations must be done quickly, and not everyone abides by the rule that only ashes can be thrown into the water. But worst of all, businesses and households pollute the river with untreated sewage, pesticides and excrement. You never know if spring will suddenly end, and F weather will linger for days; or, whether a hail storm or a tornado will foul things up.

We offer a collaborative learning environment to grow brewing expertise, taproom sales, and distribution sales. Like visits from repairmen or gasmen. Edmond, Oklahoma: Come Grow with Us! Gifts to the foundation are pooled, invested and distributed to organizations and ministries related to the Christian Church Disciples of Christ.

We will defeat Oklahoma State Question simply by using the very words in it. At OU Medicine, our mission is leading health care. She's the inmate we profiled in this story. We grow the variety "Oklahoma. We have an assortment of articles that teach you all about growing vegetables. Take a look at when to plant fig tree and how to care for it in this article. Limited Broadway Engagement.

Oklahoma only has a skeleton of its own certification program. Soybeans are an edible legume that are very nutritious, as they are high in protein, calcium, fiber, iron, magnesium, and other vitamins and minerals. Monrovia's Oklahoma Redbud details and information. Recreational use of marijuana is strictly illegal in Oklahoma. The Department of Health has stated that applications for medical marijuana business licenses will become available by July 26, The goal of the program is to recommend plants well-adapted for use across Oklahoma.

Mary Fallin on Tuesday will allow Oklahoma farmers to grow industrial hemp. However, high temperatures and limited rainfall in the summer limit your cool-season grasses to be grown in lawns with shade and where irrigation systems are installed. We've been on the web sixteen 16 years. You can find more information and resources at FindLaw's section on Drug Charges. Each plant can grow to between 3 and 6 feet high if you do grow it outside. Oklahoma is home to the fertile Port soil series. If you're new to Oklahoma, you'll need to complete a few transactions with the OK DPS once you become a resident of the state.

If the tribe name is in bold, then Oklahoma is the primary location known for this tribe, otherwise we provide the tribes specifics as it pertains to Oklahoma and then provide a link to the main tribal page. Because health is multi-faceted, OHAI uses a three-prong approach to improve the wellness of seniors: 1 Increase access to and quality of interdisciplinary geriatric healthcare 2 Provide excellence in health education to healthcare professionals, students of the healthcare and social Directs the Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry to manage the pilot program, establish a certified seed program, and promulgate rules related to licensing, inspections.

Porter, Oklahoma is the Official Peach Capital of the state of Oklahoma, and the best place for the most delicious peaches is Livesay Orchards. It will be somewhat smaller if you have to keep it inside. To keep up with the construction, visit this website. At Guerrilla Grow Hydroponics, our top priority is our customers. We are at the forefront of an economic transformation pushing our state forward. Our season is long, but not for every crop. The Oklahoma State University recommends the northern highbush if you live in the Tulsa area or north. However, let's at least be thankful that the CD producers have offered us a more comprehensive version of the Oklahoma soundtrack that we could only have dreamt of in the past.

Department of Labor. About OU Medicine. The farm focus is chile peppers-- some hot, some very hot, some very mild. Having said that it is impossible to carry from home different cooked items along especially the family have remain out long time. Potatoes are easy to grow, and the plants can be highly productive if grown under the best conditions.

At Way to Grow, we believe that the more you know, the better your grow. Using methods rooted in tradition — and elevated by science and sound management — we grow millions of premium oysters served by top restaurants and seafood markets. If caught with marijuana in Oklahoma you have to pay fines and taxes.

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The Survey maintains an extensive array of climatological information, operates the Oklahoma Mesonet, and hosts a wide variety of educational outreach and scientific research projects. Red Maple, "Woodlands" Acer rubrum "Woodland". We Mean Business. They are a prize for many Oklahoma mushroom hunters. So whether you are looking to prepare a delicious salad or jazz up your favorite dishes, Scissortail Farms has all the lettuce, leafy greens and herbs you need.

Deer Hunting. These items are maximized in the perfect grow conditions to share with those who want or need. Oklahoma gardeners are fortunate to have a climate well-suited to growing potatoes, and starting your plants at the right time will help make sure your crop is a bountiful one. To find your More of the top 10 worst trees to grow in Oklahoma The Norman Transcript; May 10, ; Listed are the top five of the 10 worst trees to plant. Working Subscribe Subscribed Unsubscribe 2. Therefore we can stand behind our production indications of nursery stock while offering highest quality bud and grower stock.

Gardening in Oklahoma, Zone 7.

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October in Oklahoma is a beautiful time with amazing weather! Make sure to be keeping a close eye on the weather. Because of this, avocado trees will not grow well in Oklahoma. It helps you convey exactly what's different about your products - services, add images and put your business' unique approach in front of people searching online. We are the premier host of medical cannabis training events and patient education throughout Oklahoma. We're moving the agriculture industry and the world forward — today and for generations to. Kip Francis and Dev Vallencourt have been farming here since The Greater Oklahoma area is a vital transhipment point with many intersecting pipelines, storage facilities, easy access to refiners and suppliers making Oklahoma the pipeline crossroads of the world.

They grow best when sheltered from the wind under partial shade and need regular watering. Amaranth resembles lamb's-quarters and amaranth resembles red-rooted pigweed, especially in the early stages of growth, so it is best to sow seed in rows to make weeding less confusing. July 18th - 20th, The Oklahoma planting map is featured above and you can click on it to enlarge it and locate your growing zone. When growing indoors try to consider certain factors cropping up in the near future.

We don't let the cost of gas stop patients from having a confident growing experience and successful harvest. We have never, and will not ever use chemically derived pesticides or herbicides on our crops, or anywhere else on our land for that matter. Why should your fig trees struggle with harsh winter weather? Grow fig trees in containers!

See our how-to guide for fig trees on wheels. Contact Info for Shopoklahoma. GrowGeneration is the industry leader in commercial sales and large-scale grow design. Currently, there are no other requirements as to how and where the marijuana is grown. They do not generate as much heat as traditional Lights. The Skunk Grow Supply Goal.

Meanwhile, the crawfish are safe underground in their burrow. When I started growing I was in a home-based setup where 5-plants were all I had space to grow! Chaparral Energy continues to grow its production while it custs costs, quarterly results show AUG 9, - Chaparral Energy boosted its oil production during the second quarter of as it pushed costs lower using refined drilling and completion techniques and by We Grow Oklahoma Norman, Oklahoma With time and patience it takes about eight years to grow a mango tree , it is quite easy to grow a mango tree from seed or The Oklahoma district is made up of approximately members, and continues to grow it membership.

You can always grow your lavender in pots and move it to follow the sun, or even bring it indoors for the winter. Founded in , the chapter encompasses the entire state of Oklahoma and surrounding areas. If you would like more information, email today. This deep, well-draining soil is ideal for cotton, sorghum, wheat, and pasture. The authority of the Bureau shall be limited to the provisions specifically provided in the Oklahoma Self-Defense Act.

Some growers have a grow room which they can sweep clean in under 1 minute. We sell a large selection of bamboos in pots, and will custom dig for homeowners, landscapers and nurseries. Fresh figs are some of the tastiest and easiest fruits you can grow, and fig trees are incredibly attractive with their uniquely shaped green foliage even when Update: On June 26, , Oklahoma residents voted in favor of Question , legalizing a state-regulated medical marijuana program. It has a peppery taste, sometimes fairly strong and sometimes not. You'll find photos and details for weeds plus helpful videos and other weed-fighting tips.

From tide to table, it takes approximately months to grow our plump and briny bivalves. Church and explore all of our open roles. I want to grow peanuts so the wildlife in my area can feed themselves. See 6 photos from visitors to Here We Grow. We strive to offer detailed and descriptive product information, unique and vast selections, and professional service.

We close our meeting with an additional meet and greet time to follow up on the experience of our visitors. Nevertheless, if you have ever wondered who the richest people in the state of Oklahoma are, look no further than this list, updated each year with information from Forbes. We're just as excited as you are to start stocking the highest-grade, organic cannabis products on our shelves just as quickly as we can.

Oklahoma used to produce a lot of hemp back up through WWII and, because of that, we have a lot of wild hemp in Oklahoma. When these prized antiques show up at auction, they sell for more than their weight in gold. Enter your email and we'll email you instructions on how to reset your password. Thanks to the hard work of generations of conservationists and ranches like Bowtie Hunting Ranch, we now grow some of the largest Whitetails found in the U.

Date palms will grow very long and sharp thorns or spines along its base, so either plant your trees somewhere away from regular walkways or cut the spines off as they grow. Since the Sun is near the horizon at this time, we recommend going to a high point or finding an unobstructed area with free sight to East-southeast for the best view of the transit.

Here are the winners of the Oklahoma Cannabis Cup. These fruit trees are among the easiest of the fruit trees that can be grown. We feel this is bad for Oklahoma and will only lead to problems. They also need well-drained, neutral to slightly acidic soils. The Chamber works closely with business and community leaders to accomplish the work that is driving Oklahoma City forward. One of Oklahoma's Oldest Websites. Loading In our great state we pride ourselves on our ability to consistently provide fresh, high- quality fruits and vegetables to eager buyers.

Originally from Europe and Asia, this plant has sharp hairs that break easily and can irritate or sting when the plant is touched; however it is a vitamin-rich food source as well as a remedy for various medical conditions. Oklahoma Qualification. Grapes can be grown quite successfully Oklahoma, outdoorsmen will have noticed the large amount of grapevines that grow wild in our state. Pistachio trees prefer well-drained soil, but will grow in poor soils.

If you see a hardiness zone in a gardening catalog or plant description, chances are it refers to this USDA map. Ours appears to grow in a narrow and upright pattern. Appropriate value must also be assigned to what is now regarded as wastes generated by human activity. Dusan Bakos and Emo Chiellini reinforced the case for incorporating social and environmental values in social decision-making, illustrating how individuals make decisions to substitute plastics with biodegradable plastics.

Decision making should be based on a systems perspective and cradle to cradle analysis spanning the whole production, recyclable and degradation process. They also highlighted potential synergies in the form of co-benefits that might arise from producing biodegradable plastics that affect the value of bio-based plastics. In a similar manner, Stanislav Miertus analyzed the potential for substitution between fossil fuel and biofuels, factoring the potential environmental damage through climate change which a fossil-fuel based approach would have in comparison with a biofuels strategy.

The session concluded that there are a plurality of values underpinning human behavior and activities with regard to nature. Session V: The Network Society. Social Capital and Human Capital play complementary roles in social development. The session examined opportunities to utilize innovative organizational models and delivery systems in the industrial sector, collaborative entrepreneurship, understanding of climate systems, sustainable development in education, scientific research and governance along with some philosophical aspects of network behavior.

The central problem in economics is efficient allocation of resources to meet the population needs. In a presentation on Networking Science and Industrial Clusters, Zbigniew Bochniarz examined recent applications of network science to promote entrepreneurship and industrial development as an alternative to the two traditional competing models of coordination — self-regulating markets and centralized planning — which have failed to produce optimal efficiency for society as a whole. Clusters are geographic concentrations of interconnected companies, specialized suppliers, service providers, firms in related industries, and associated institutions that cooperate and compete in particular fields.

More than a traditional supply chain, these clusters include academic institutions providing training, research and consulting services, governmental agencies influencing cluster activities, and non-governmental organizations providing important services. Today, the ability of firms to innovate is restricted by barriers limiting knowledge utilization and innovations. Antonio Sfiligoj discussed Collaborative Entrepreneurship, a holistic approach involving new models for business networks where firms act like organic ecosystems rather than traditional supply chain partners.

This new competitive strategy of continuous innovation fulfills the need for efficient provision of a constant stream of new products, services, and markets, especially important for countries such as Italy with a large number of SMEs and few larger corporations.

In Europe, new legislation and policies are being adopted to foster the creation of collaborative entrepreneurial communities within which SMEs can share in the creation of wealth through innovation and growth. At the same time, traditional financing through venture capital is being surpassed by new forms of informal investors, i.

Networks dominate our lives. New scientific findings are now being applied to provide insights into the nature of evolution in economics, ecology, biology and medicine. Climate change is already beginning to disrupt regional climate systems and has increased the frequency of disruptive extremes, threatening societal stability and imposing huge costs on our economies.

To reduce the rising world energy demand, rising concentrations of atmospheric CO2 concentrations, rising average global temperatures and worsening air pollution, the OECD report recommends environmental taxes and emissions trading; valuing and pricing natural assets and ecosystem services. Self-organizing character of social networks is reflected in our technology networks. Replicating the evolution of social networks by computer simulations enables us to better assess how to deal with the greatest challenges facing us in the next decades.

Forget Mensa! All Hail the Low IQ

Walther Zimmerli examined the impact of networks on the concept of the Individual in Social Philosophy and individual identity in modern society. Evolution is a chain with a network of chains with many missing links. Networks are decentralized or uncentralized self-organizing systems similar to the brain in which every node is capable of taking over the functioning of other nodes.

Networks are enabling us to externalise our storage capacity of knowledge, so individuals need to know less but can do more than ever before. As participants in huge social networks, we act both as nodes in the network and users of these nodes. As the virtual world expands, traditional sources of individual identity based on membership in groups, regions and countries are being replaced by multiple identities and increasing opportunities for universalism. In his concluding remarks, Raoul Weiler pointed out that the Science of Networks has emerged in recent decades as part of a new set of knowledge tools with a very strong mathematical basis as excellently depicted in this Wikipedia diagram on Complexity.

This science provides tools to analyze and quantify relationships between actors in different domains. A new sociology is emerging, opening up new horizons for managing our society. It is an excellent example for networking us before the physical face-to-face meeting here. I agree with all of their criteria in identifying the excellence of a personality in whatever field: the capacity to transcend the limits of conventional thinking, to unify disparate phenomena, to understand the whole which is greater than the sum of its components; personalities able to perceive deeper levels of causality than the current conventional thinking, and to see opportunities where the canonic thinking sees nothing but risks; women and men endowed with the capacity to see life in its profundity and totality.

I am totally in agreement with the idea of a distinction, both moral and material, bestowed upon creative minds and personalities not yet recognized in their true dimension. Biologists and psychologists alike have concluded that seniors may not react as quickly as their younger contemporaries, and that their reactions are the result of a more complex process of thinking, using comparatively more networks of their brain, and a more reflexive mind. The old and wise are not to be in competition with the young and bold; they have to complete each other. Life-long learning is a way of making a tool of progress out of longevity which much too often is perceived only as a burden for society, and as an obstacle to the advancement of the younger generation.

Again, I have to agree most willingly to the main thesis of Professor Dobrowolski: life-long education is essential for a better quality of life, both for the individual and for the society. As he so aptly writes, it is necessary to provide inter-generation integration based on life-long learning. Both question, with reason, the current paradigm of the formative process, striving for a new model of learning — a process which must be understood in the widest of its significations, defining the current paradigm, answers and certainty in contrast with a new one, dominated by questions and wonder.

Both interventions reach in fact a problem which bothers me a lot: how do we support the democratization of education at all levels without provoking at the same time its massification? The report on Assisting Developing Countries to develop their own scientific and industrial capabilities by Decio Ripandelli seems to be the exact antidote to massification. There is no magic wand to solve this range of problems, even if I think it is crucial for our time.

I think, however, that we must start by changing our canons, by inventing new paradigms. Education costs. Did anyone ever measure how much the lack of education may cost? I can say for sure that, for instance, the number of lives lost due to the early abandonment of school to juvenile delinquency, or just to boredom and frustration, cost the entire society a huge amount of money.

How then can we speak of human achievement? And I strongly believe that, if we leave the current trend of massification to invade the whole world of our schools and universities, we shall lose forever all the benefit that the democratization of the educational process has offered humanity in the last two centuries. This session addressed the broad issue of how to make available to industrial applications the existing large amount of scientific knowledge and technical innovations.

The session also focused on the role of creativity and innovation as essential factors for economic development and how the available knowledge can be more effectively disseminated and utilized to effectively address current social problems. The world faces an unprecedented dilemma. Ever expanding opportunities are emerging side by side with ever intensifying problems.

The proliferation of money, technology, education and global interdependence which have been the main drivers of global development are accompanied by rising levels of financial instability, pollution, unemployment, inequality, arms proliferation and social unrest. Humanity seems driven by mutually exclusive, contradictory goals leading to apparently insoluble problems.

Piecemeal sectoral solutions are transparently inadequate. Persistent poverty co-exists side by side with unprecedented prosperity. Rising levels of inequality and unemployment are spreading discontent and social unrest at a time when social welfare nets are overstrained by an aging population.

The competition for scarce resources is aggravating nationalist competition at a time when international cooperation is essential for coping with common global challenges. Globalization is breaking down the barriers insulating national economies, making states increasing vulnerable to destabilizing impacts from beyond national borders. Proliferation of nuclear and other weapons poses new threats to national and regional security. Today the world faces multiple crises of unprecedented scale and seriousness. These crises share common attributes.

They all transcend narrow disciplinary boundaries, thus defying solution by partial, sectoral approaches. They are all global in nature and cannot be fully addressed without coordinated actions by the international community. Approaches to resolving the challenges are subject to conflicting claims, priorities and interests. The lack of significant progress on addressing these issues in recent years has raised doubts about the collective capacity of the human community to effectively address them.

There is presently no consensus as to whether real, effective solutions are possible and what those solutions should be. Is there any way in which apparently mutually exclusive goals of prosperity, security, sustainability and social justice can all be realized? Following up on recent articles on this topic in Cadmus Journal, an exploratory discussion was held on March 7 at Castle Duino near Trieste. The workshop began the process of inquiry into the following broad issues:. In an effort to incorporate multiple perspectives and generate an effective platform for future action, participants examined the first of these questions relating to important trends.


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Among many valuable insights, discussants identified limitations imposed by the present social construction of knowledge, i. Stress was placed on the need for new thinking and new integrated, value-based theory in the social sciences. Uncertainty was identified as the source of both new challenges and new opportunities, reflecting a greater capacity for learning and growth, and underlining the need for efforts to unify the Sciences and Humanities.

A culture of peace, global governance and shared values are essential for future progress of humanity. Ecology must be viewed as an integral component of economics. It is necessary to integrate thinking on ecology, economics and ethics. The main challenge is transition to the new society in which past experience is no longer valid and technology plays a major role in a world driven by power and power of money.

Technological development has outpaced the development of institutions and culture. Technological advance is rapid. Cultural change is slow. The challenge is to make the right technological choices, to govern the development and use of technology, to accommodate to radical advances in technologies, and apply technologies through consensus to avoid misuse. The obstacles posed by the current system of international institutions founded on the principle of national sovereignty, the absence of institutional mechanisms for humanity to exercise legitimate rights, extreme inequalities and the challenge of balancing knowledge, ecology, economy, and ethics were also recognized as serious impediments.

Increasing mobility, greater social integration between cultures and ever improving communications will generate new opportunities. There are also signs of an emerging shift toward a human-capital-intensive theory and approach based on education that imparts both knowledge and a sense of responsibility and supports the full development and expression of the creative potentials of each individual. Growing understanding of the science of networks is enhancing our capacity to leverage the power of social capital to promote human development.

Solutions are unlikely to come from the nation-states. Real solutions are more likely to come from the NGOs representing global civil society and from individuals with global consciousness of the problems. The Castle Duino meeting will be followed by a workshop in Alexandria in June and further events in and Rapporteur: Alberto Zucconi Report. Rapporteur: Zbigniew Bochniarz Report. Rapporteur: Anantha Duraiappah Report. Rapporteur: Enrico Tongiorgi Report. Panel 1. Creativity and innovation as essential factors for economic development. The World Academy of Art and Science is composed of individual Fellows from diverse cultures, nationalities, and intellectual disciplines, chosen for eminence in art, the natural and social sciences, and the humanities.

Established in by distinguished individuals concerned by the impact of the explosive growth of knowledge, its activities seek to address global issues related to the social consequences and policy implications of knowledge. The Academy serves as a forum for reflective scientists, artists, and scholars to discuss the vital problems of humankind independent of political boundaries or limits, whether spiritual or physical -- a forum where these problems can be discussed objectively, scientifically, globally, and free from vested interests or regional attachments, to arrive at solutions that affirm universal human rights and serve the interests of all humanity.

WAAS is founded on faith in the power of original and creative ideas -- Real Ideas with effective power -- to change the world. Its motto is "Leadership in thought that leads to action. The spirit of the Academy can be expressed in the words of Albert Einstein: "The creations of our mind shall be a blessing and not a curse to mankind.

The World Academy of Art and Science is an association of committed individuals drawn from diverse cultures, nationalities, occupations and intellectual pursuits spanning the arts, humanities and sciences, conscious of the profound social consequences and policy implications of knowledge, and united by a common aspiration to address the urgent challenges and emerging opportunities confronting humanity today. Our mission is to promote cross-disciplinary dialogue generative of original ideas and integrated perspectives that comprehend the root causes and effective remedies for our common problems, while furthering those currents of thought and social movement that affirm the value of human dignity and equitable development.

The Academy dedicates itself to the pursuit of creative, catalytic ideas that can provide to present and future generations enlightened leadership in thought that leads to effective action. The idea of founding an international association for exploring major concerns of humanity in a nongovernmental context grew out of many conversations that took place among leading scientists and intellectuals in the years following World War II. Prominent among this group were people such as Albert Einstein and Robert Oppenheimer who had played a part in the development of the atomic bomb and were deeply concerned about how it and other scientific advances might be used — or misused.

The organizers were two American scientists: Richard Montgomery Field of Princeton, who had worked for many years as chairman of an international committee on the social values of science; and John A. At the end of the conference, participants agreed to take steps toward the formation of a World Academy, and elected an International Preparatory Committee for that purpose. The Academy was formally founded and its first officers elected in Heitor Gurgulino de Souza President. Winston Nagan Chairman of the Board. Alberto Zucconi Member.

Robert Berg. Michael McManus. The World Academy is incorporated in the State of California and Fellows elected from 86 different countries. For wire transfer or for additional information on donations, please send an email to donations worldacademy. It reflects the critical fact that sustainability and security are both essential and can only be achieved in concert. Read More. Democracy is under siege. Traditional bastions of liberal democracy are faltering. Young democracies are reverting to their authoritarian pasts. Populism, corporatization of the media, fake news, retreat from globalism, oligarchy, corruption and other perils are undermining fairness, effectiveness and truthfulness.

Just when it appeared that the world was converging on a universal set of values and standards for governance at the national and international level, fundamental questions are being raised regarding the viability and sustainability of democratic institutions. Recent events raise fundamental questions regarding the institutions of governance and also about the underlying social, psychological, cultural and evolutionary processes that determine how these institutions function.

Is democracy in its current form really the most viable and effective system of governance? Are human beings sufficiently rational and selfless to govern themselves justly and effectively? Is the future of democracy at the national level compatible with the persistence of non-democratic institutions at the international level?

By what process has the distribution of social power shifted from army, monarchy, aristocracy to democracy and how is that process likely to evolve further in future? To what extent are the institutional problems confronting democracy today reflections of underlying social, psychological and cultural factors and processes?

What proven and potential safeguards and remedies are available to address the failures and insufficiencies of contemporary democracies? Is democracy the best possible system or merely a stage in the evolution of governance toward something more stable, an effective and equitable system? Mind is humanity's highest developed instrument for seeking knowledge. It is the master tool that we use to comprehend the present, remember the past, and anticipate and plan for the future.

From the act of striking two flints together to create fire to combining strings of 1s and 0s to design the code for supercomputers, mind has enabled humanity to create remarkable technologies and organized global institutions. A greater understanding of the nature of mind, its ways of knowing, the limits to thinking and rationality, mind's untapped potential, the workings of creativity and genius are essential for addressing the challenges confronting humanity today.

The meeting was attended by experts from different fields of natural and social science, including medicine, neuroscience, engineering, psychology, sociology, economics, law, and philosophy. Video recordings, presentations and papers for the roundtable are available here. The enthusiastic interest generated by the Dubrovnik meeting spurred efforts of WAAS and the World University Consortium to commence work on a on-line course on this subject which is now underway.

A report on last year's meeting including videos and presentations was included in the Academy's July newsletter. The multidimensional challenges confronting humanity today are human-made and can be changed by a change in thought and action. Contemporary economic thought is built on a mind-frame that originated prior to the Industrial Revolution when scarcity of goods in a world of abundant resources was the primary concern, economic growth was considered synonymous with human welfare, and impact of humanity on the environment was completely ignored.

Without challenging obvious flaws in existing theory, it will be not be possible to significantly alter current policies and practices. The overall aim of the course is to a demonstrate why mainstream neo-classical economic theory is inappropriate for dealing with the global challenges of the c.

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It will harness the best available ideas and practices on human-centred, sustainable economy to create informative, authoritative and compelling educational and communication tools with the power to challenge and alter university level education in Economics, public policy, business decisions, media coverage and general public opinion regarding how the world economy should and can work for the betterment of all humanity.

Humanity lives in a time of unprecedented capacity for accomplishment in every field of social life. Never before have we possessed power of this magnitude for good or for evil. Never before has power been so widely distributed within society. Democracy, law, human rights, science, technology, education and many other forms of social organization have generated immense power.

Society governs the possession and exercise of this power through formal structures and institutions, such as law and human rights, as well as through both legitimate and extra-legal informal mechanisms including status, wealth, popularity, political influence and corruption. The distribution of power in its various forms powerfully impacts on the functioning of the economy, political system, educational, scientific, religious and and other social institutions, and on the overall productivity, strength, integrity, harmony and welfare of society.

This transdisciplinary course will explore the sources, expressions, determinants and consequences of the creation, distribution and exercise of social power in its various expressions in politics, economy, society and culture and its consequences for the evolution of society as a whole. It is an instrument with remarkable capabilities and characteristic limitations.

It is ironic that we invest so little time in education and scientific endeavor trying to understand the nature of mental knowledge and the character of the mental processes by which we arrive at it. The objective of this course is to arrive at an understanding of the inherent limits to rationality and mental ways of knowing, as well as the extraordinary creative and intuitive processes by which mind transcends those limitations and tends toward genius.

Thinking is the activity by which mind associates, organizes, coordinates and integrates information, thoughts and ideas. Creative thinking is the process by which mind extends the boundaries of existing thought and knowledge to connect, reconcile and unify previously unconnected or contradictory perspectives.

This course will explore the characteristics of mental knowledge and thought processes, types of thinking, the character of rational thought, the mental and social construction of knowledge, deep thinking, creativity and genius. Education is our best hope for a better future. Emergence of a new paradigm in education can radically abridge the time required for humanity to address critical issues related to economy, governance, ecology and life-style.

Education is the best known instrument for ensuring universal human rights, promoting democracy, enhancing productivity and protecting the environment. There is urgent need to evolve a new paradigm in education appropriate to the needs of the 21st century. Closing the gap between social needs and educational capabilities is essential for addressing pressing challenges confronting humanity today. A review of education today makes evident that there is enormous scope for improving and developing the educational system. We need a new paradigm in education capable of more fully and effectively developing the latent capacities of our youth.

This course explored the characteristics common to leaders in business, politics, civil society, science, arts, professions and education and examined methods by which these characteristics can be consciously developed by individuals. The presentations consist of theory, practical strategies, and a wide range of examples drawn from biography, history, management, and literature from movies illustrating the principles under discussion.


  • How to Trade In Stocks (Business Books).
  • The Afghani Affair?
  • Making Arguments: Reason in Context?

Apart from the presentations, our faculty interacted with participants to bring home the theoretical significance and practical relevance of the material. The Individual is the catalyst of all social progress, the source of creativity, innovation, new ideas and new initiatives. The individual is the genetic source of human diversity. The entrepreneur, inventor, social reformer, revolutionary leader, original thinker and creative artist are a few of individuality's expressions.

History demonstrates that individuals have the power to change the world. This course explored the relationship between personality and accomplishment. It examined the role of Individuality and Values in personal achievement, growth of personality and social progress drawing on evidence from Management Science, History, Psychology and Literature. It explored the relationship between creative individuals and society searching for insights into the principles and process that govern successful human initiatives and their consequences in various fields of life. The course was intended for both students and practitioners in all fields interested in advancing theoretical understanding and practical approaches to promote the development of entrepreneurship, individuality, creativity, original thinking and other forms of social innovation.

It explored the role of the individual in development of society, elucidated the characteristics of true individuals, the source of their amazing power for accomplishment and the process by which they act as catalysts of social innovation. While the presentation was academic, the objective was to impart original insights and practical knowledge for personal growth and individuation. Today humanity is confronted by a plethora of serious challenges — political, economic, legal, social, cultural, psychological and ecological.

These challenges are complex, interrelated, and global in reach. They are a reflection of the inadequacy of current institutions and policies and at a deeper level the inadequacy of current knowledge.

India at the Crossroads -- Sustaining Growth and Reducing Poverty India at the Crossroads -- Sustaining Growth and Reducing Poverty
India at the Crossroads -- Sustaining Growth and Reducing Poverty India at the Crossroads -- Sustaining Growth and Reducing Poverty
India at the Crossroads -- Sustaining Growth and Reducing Poverty India at the Crossroads -- Sustaining Growth and Reducing Poverty
India at the Crossroads -- Sustaining Growth and Reducing Poverty India at the Crossroads -- Sustaining Growth and Reducing Poverty
India at the Crossroads -- Sustaining Growth and Reducing Poverty India at the Crossroads -- Sustaining Growth and Reducing Poverty
India at the Crossroads -- Sustaining Growth and Reducing Poverty India at the Crossroads -- Sustaining Growth and Reducing Poverty
India at the Crossroads -- Sustaining Growth and Reducing Poverty India at the Crossroads -- Sustaining Growth and Reducing Poverty
India at the Crossroads -- Sustaining Growth and Reducing Poverty India at the Crossroads -- Sustaining Growth and Reducing Poverty
India at the Crossroads -- Sustaining Growth and Reducing Poverty

Related India at the Crossroads -- Sustaining Growth and Reducing Poverty



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