In Chapter 1, Gottschalk and Greenberg follow traces of Anglo-American Islamophobia by exploring the literature that was produced in both geographies between the late 17th and midth centuries.
The authors underline the role of imperial Britain spreading the seeds of Islamophobia to the United States and examine both the similarities and differences between these two versions. Drawing on works by Prideaux, Voltaire, and Locke, they indicate that representations of Islam as violent and fraud was actually used by social commentators to criticize and warn about internal issues unrelated to Islam.
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Buy Softcover. FAQ Policy. About this book Islamophobia in America offers new perspectives on prejudice against Muslims, which has become increasingly widespread in the USA in the past decade.
Islamophobia in America: The Anatomy of Intolerance
Worcester State University, Fall 2016
Review of Inte It is a substantially complex topic to understand, especially for those with no personal experience with Islam. Considerable understanding of socio-cultural values, negative social out-group attitudes, bigotry, xenophobia, and nationalism are some of the factors contributing to what might be termed the new racism of this century.
Ernst has edited an easy to follow, yet substantive, book of five chapters by six authors that spans the history of Islamophobia to gendered Islamophobia, to potential solutions for dealing with issues of Islamophobia as found in Detroit, Michigan. Contributing Anthropology Professor Andrew Shryock posits his perspective that Islamophobia is more than fear and hatred of Muslims; rather it is grounded in the vagueness of our hegemonic models of what it means to be an American and how our national identities are formed While this book is America-centric, which in this case is in reference to the United States of America, the history of Islam and international comparisons throughout make it worthwhile for any of us striving to teach for an understanding of what cultural geography is and how mixophobia creates the nature of the places in which we live Anderson, Americans and Britons have a shared history of fear and loathing of Muslims.
In the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries the English, who dominated the world in slave trade Alford, , trafficked African slaves to the American colonies, however, much of that population was unaware that Muslims even existed within the colonies themselves. The Anglo-American population at the time had little, if any, direct contact with slaves and the presence of Muslims went unobserved.
Islamophobia in America - The Anatomy of Intolerance | C. Ernst | Palgrave Macmillan
Mahometans, a derogatory reference to Muslims of the time, were primarily used as a rhetorical tool in early America. Muslims were representative of an abhorrent out group and often served as rhetorical test cases in many political debates of the time, including whether or not there should be a religious test for presidential candidates.
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As Cotton Mather had previously noted, they basically did not exist in America. Nevertheless, negative stereotypes of Muslims were reinforced by the British after the Indian rebellion thought to have been instigated by Indian Muslims.
Later, British colonialism fueled Muslim anti-imperialism through the s when the Pakistan movement called for a separate Muslim homeland. Apparently the irony was lost on this missionary author.
Muslim anti-colonialist views combined with a resistance to convert to Christianity were factors that intertwined with others to form British and American perspectives of Islam that persist even today. The only view of Islam for many Americans is that of media-portrayed insecurity, violence, and unfounded fear designed to attract large audiences. This has been the case with Catholics in America between the s and s and Jews between the s and s. The lesson is that patterns of bigotry and prejudice are as American as baseball and apple pie as outlined in the modern history of the United States where undesirable values are attributed to out groups in the building of a national unity.
He was attacked by fellow congressman Virgil Goode who stated, "… if American citizens don't wake up and adopt the Virgil Goode position on immigration, there will likely be many more Muslims elected to office and demanding the use of the Koran" Goldfarb, , 2. Conflating immigration with Islam, Goode went on to state, "I fear that in the next century we will have many more Muslims in the United States if we do not adopt the strict immigration policies that I believe are necessary to preserve the values and beliefs traditional to the United States of America" Goldfarb, , 6.
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