Emerson on education: Selections. New York: Teachers College Press. King, M. Where do we go from here: Chaos or community? Honoring Dr. Du Bois. Freedomways, 8 2 , — Kozol, J. Letters to a young teacher. New York: Crown. CrossRef Google Scholar. Lee, V. Effects of high school restructuring on size and achievement. Lin, J. Love, peace, and wisdom in education: A vision for education in the 21st century. Mandela, N. Long walk to freedom. Boson: Little, Brown. Miller, Jack Meditating Teachers in Inquiring Mind.
Miller, J. Educating for wisdom and compassion: Creating conditions for timeless learning. Paz, O. The double flame: Love and eroticism.
Stephen Mager, Composer in Residence
New York: Harcourt. Phillips, C. Socrates in love: Philosophy for a passionate heart. New York: W. Ruiz, D. The voice of knowledge: A practical guide to inner peace. Sher, J. Education in rural America.
- Foodies Guide 2012: Brisbane (Foodies Guides).
- Alice/Spok In Wonderland.
- No Boundaries.
- Stephen Eros, Assistant Conductor.
Boulder, CO: Westview Press. Smith, K. Valley Forge: Judson. Thomas, R. Wasley, P. Of all the geophysical phenomena to influence us, the weather is arguably the most significant, because we are exposed to it directly and daily. The weather was a great source of inspiration for Monet, Constable, and Turner, who are known for their scientifically accurate paintings of the skies. But to what extent does weather inspire composers? The authors of this presentation, who are atmospheric scientists by day but amateur classical musicians by night, have been contemplating this question. We have built a systematic musical database, which has allowed us to catalogue and analyze the frequencies with which weather is depicted in a sample of classical orchestral music.
The depictions vary from explicit mimicry using traditional and specialized orchestral instruments, through to subtle suggestions. We have found that composers are generally influenced by their own environment in the type of weather they choose to represent. As befits the national stereotype, British composers seem disproportionately keen to depict the UK's variable weather patterns and stormy coastline. Weather, 66 11 , pp The purpose of this study was to determine which "popular" classical repertoire is familiar and predictable to adolescents.
Specifically, the study sought to examine 1 if students had heard the music before, 2 where they had heard the music before, and 3 if they could "name that tune". A brief overview on the psychiatric ailments of many great composers reveals suicide attempts and more or less severe depression following external events. The issue of a possible relationship between mental disease and musical creativity can be discussed, as mood swings and a certain tendency to melancholia are frequent features of a talented brain a fact that can also be detected in their works. The first case presented here is Hans Rott from Austria, the beloved student of Anton Bruckner, who was considered to be at least equal to his famous classmate Gustav Mahler.
The great expectations of his teacher and his friends suddenly came to an end, when he suffered a crisis of schizophrenia and was hospitalized in an insane asylum in Lower Austria. The tragic psychiatric adventure of the young musician lasted almost four years. He was diagnosed as a case of "hallucinatory insanity" and "persecution mania" by the medical staff, before dying of tuberculosis, aged only 26, and having completed only one symphony and several smaller works. His name came again on surface only a century after his death, when in his Symphony in E Major was discovered and premiered with great success, permitting to its creator a posthumous recognition, among Bruckner and Mahler.
The second case of mental illness is that of the Armenian Komitas Vardapet. He was an orphan who grew up in theological schools and became a monk and later a priest, though he spent some years in Berlin in order to develop his musical skills. He is considered to be an authority of Armenian ecclesiastic music , introducing polyphony in the Armenian Church's music and collecting numerous traditional songs from all parts of Armenia.
In , during the Armenian genocide he was deported, tortured but finally saved, due to interventions. Music therapy for mental disorder and mental health: the untapped potential of Indian classical music. Music is a universal human trait. The healing power of music has been acknowledged in almost all traditions of music. Music therapy is moving from a social-science model focusing on overall health and well-being towards a neuroscience model focusing on specific elements of music and its effect on sensorimotor, language and cognitive functions.
The handful of evidence-based music therapy studies on psychiatric conditions have shown promising results. Traditional music , such as Indian classical music , has only recently been evaluated in evidence-based research into music therapy. The need for systematic research in this area is underscored. In recent years, popular music has become a growing area of music study and is increasingly accepted in schools and universities around the world. Despite this general enthusiasm, classically trained music teachers bring a certain hesitation to this art form, perhaps because too few have had formal hands-on experience with it.
This article…. This paper addresses the complex relationship between Confucian values and music education in East Asia, particularly its history in China. How does one account for the present "cultural fever" of Western classical music that has infected more than million Chinese practitioners? It is proposed that Western classical music finds…. Provides a rationale for using classical music as the basis of interdisciplinary units in elementary social studies.
Recommends beginning with a series of humorous pieces to familiarize students with classical music. Includes many examples for utilizing pieces related to geography and history. Describes the hierarchical organization of subject headings and considers…. The research project "Investigating Musical Performance: Comparative Studies in Advanced Musical Learning" was devised to investigate how classical , popular, jazz and Scottish traditional musicians deepen and develop their learning about performance in undergraduate, postgraduate and wider music community contexts.
The aim of this paper is to…. Hyperventilation complaints in music performance anxiety among classical music students.
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Despite the importance of respiration and hyperventilation in anxiety disorders, research on breathing disturbances associated with hyperventilation is rare in the field of music performance anxiety MPA, also known as stage fright. The only comparable study in this area reported a positive correlation between negative feelings of MPA and hyperventilation complaints during performance. The goals of this study were a to extend these previous findings to the period before performance, b to test whether a positive correlation also exists between hyperventilation complaints and the experience of stage fright as a problem, c to investigate instrument-specific symptom reporting, and d to confirm gender differences in negative feelings of MPA and hyperventilation complaints reported in other studies.
We assessed university students of classical music with a questionnaire comprising: the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for negative feelings of MPA, the Nijmegen Questionnaire for hyperventilation complaints, and a single item for the experience of stage fright as a problem. We found a significant positive correlation between hyperventilation complaints and negative feelings of MPA before performance and a significant positive correlation between hyperventilation complaints and the experience of stage fright as a problem.
Furthermore, women scored significantly higher on hyperventilation complaints and negative feelings of MPA. These results further the findings of previous reports by suggesting that breathing disturbances associated with hyperventilation may play a role in MPA prior to going on stage. Experimental studies are needed to confirm whether hyperventilation complaints associated with negative feelings of MPA manifest themselves at the physiological level. Music diversity is valued in theory, but the extent to which it is efficiently presented in music class remains limited.
Within this article, I aim to bridge this gap by introducing four genres of Chinese classical ensembles--Qin and Xiao duets, Jiang Nan bamboo and silk ensembles, Cantonese ensembles, and contemporary Chinese orchestras--into the…. Music performance anxiety in young musicians: comparison of playing classical or popular music. Music performance anxiety MPA is an issue frequently experienced by musicians. It occurs not only in experienced musicians but also in children and adolescents.
Furthermore, most research on MPA has been done with musicians who specialized in classical music. This study investigated the development of MPA across the ages in young musicians focusing on the classical and popular genres. In a cross-sectional survey, students at German music schools, aged between 7 and 20 yrs, were asked about their perceived MPA and musical background. The data were analyzed according to musical genre and age.
Multiple regression analyses were performed to investigate the influences of musical experiences on MPA. MPA was influenced by gender and the number of performances in the classical music group and only by gender and age in the popular music group. The results showed clear different trends for the development of MPA between musical genres that should be taken into account for educational aspects in musical training. Listening to classical music ameliorates unilateral neglect after stroke. We determined whether listening to excerpts of classical music ameliorates unilateral neglect UN in stroke patients.
In this within-subject study, we recruited and separately tested 16 UN patients with a right-hemisphere stroke under three conditions within 1 wk. In each condition, participants were asked to complete three subtests of the Behavioral Inattention Test while listening to classical music , white noise, or nothing.
All conditions and the presentation of the tests were counterbalanced across participants. Visual analog scales were used to provide self-reported ratings of arousal and mood. Participants generally had the highest scores under the classical music condition and the lowest scores under the silence condition.
In addition, most participants rated their arousal as highest after listening to classical music. Listening to classical music may improve visual attention in stroke patients with UN. Future research with larger study populations is necessary to validate these findings. A casual observer would be aware that the children are fully engaged but may not be sure of the lesson focus. Is it to help children learn a new orchestra piece? To teach about the beat? To teach form? To teach rhythm?
To teach children to read a music score? Design Your Own Opera! This article discusses how to design an opera on the internet and introduces a site that offers the educational keys to the musical kingdom when it comes to unlocking a child's interest in opera. The combination of attractive, animated artwork, fun interactivity, and sound musical learning make this site very useful in a general music classroom.
Cosmos in Concert: Combining astronomy and classical music. Cosmos in Concert is an outreach initiative designed to combine astronomy education with classical music. Over the past several years, this program has presented large-scale multimedia shows for symphony orchestras, educational programs at K schools, and research-oriented university collaborations designed to develop techniques for the sonification of data. In this talk, I will give a brief overview of some of the main Cosmos in Concert initiatives and discuss ways these initiatives may be implemented at other institutions.
Opera and neuroscience. Opera is the most complete form of theatrical representation, characterized by musical accompaniment, both instrumental and vocal. It has played an important role in sociocultural spheres, affecting the various social strata and reflecting customs and ideas in different centuries. Composers have created pieces that have also shown the development of medicine. Since the birth of opera in seventeenth century in Italy, neuroscience has played an important role in influencing the representation of madness and neurological aspects.
From the Folly of the Renaissance, a path toward a representation of madness was developed, initially linked to the myths of classical antiquity. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, madness was represented as comical or funny, of a loving nature and influenced by the spread of the Commedia dell'Arte Comedy of Art. In the nineteenth century, with the rise of the first scientific theories of the mind, insanity took more precise connotations and was separated from other psychiatric and neurological diseases. The operas of the twentieth century depicted psychiatric and neurological diseases, taking into account newer medical and scientific discoveries.
Mathematical intelligence developed in math learning with classical backsound music of the classical era. This study examines the application of classical music backsound in mathematics learning. The method used is quasi experimental design nonequivalent pretest-posttest control group in elementary school students in Tasikmalaya city, Indonesia. The results showed that classical music contributed significantly to the mathematical intelligence of elementary school students. The mathematical intelligence shown is in the cognitive ability ranging from the level of knowledge to evaluation.
High level mathematical intelligence is shown by students in reading and writing integers with words and numbers. The low level of mathematical intelligence exists in projecting the story into a mathematical problem. The implication of this research is the use of classical music backsound on learning mathematics should pay attention to the level of difficulty of mathematics material being studied. Discusses the library's role in developing a classical pop collection defined as that music which is best representative of an era, event, or recognizable cultural trend.
Popular culture, establishing the collection, funding, and archives are highlighted. A item discography, addresses of five record companies, and 14 references are appended. Detecting distinctions between the styles of classical music e. Baroque and Romantic is often viewed as the privilege of musicians.
However, this elite perspective underestimates the abilities of non-musicians. We report that Western musicians and non-musicians, and non-Westerners i. Chinese participants rated pairs of excerpts presented…. Solar System Symphony: Combining astronomy with live classical music. Solar System Symphony is an educational outreach show which combines astronomy visualizations and live classical music.
Between each movement of music , a narrator guides the audience through scientific highlights of the solar system. The content of Solar System Symphony is geared toward a general audience, particularly targeting K students. The hour-long show not only presents a new medium for exposing a broad audience to astronomy, but also provides universities an effective tool for facilitating interdisciplinary collaboration between two divergent fields. Can Indian classical instrumental music reduce pain felt during venepuncture?
Local anesthetic agent is not usually used to reduce pain experienced by children undergoing venepuncture. This study was undertaken to determine comparative efficacy of local anesthetic cream, Indian classical instrumental music and placebo, in reducing pain due to venepuncture in children. Children aged yr requiring venepuncture were enrolled in a prospective randomized clinical trial conducted at a tertiary care center.
They were randomly assigned to 3 groups: local anesthetic LA , music or placebo control group. Eutactic mixture of local anesthetic agents EMLA and Indian classical instrumental music raaga-Todi were used in the first 2 groups, respectively.
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Pain was assessed independently by parent, patient, investigator and an independent observer at the time of insertion of the cannula 0 min and at 1- and 5 min after the insertion using a Visual Analog Scale VAS. Fifty subjects were enrolled in each group. Significantly higher VAS scores were noted in control placebo group by all the categories of observers parent, patient, investigator, independent observer at all time points. However, the difference between VAS scores in LA group were significantly lower than those in music group only at some time-points and with some categories of observers parent: 1 min; investigator: 0-, 1-, 5 min and independent observer: 5 min.
Pain experienced during venepuncture can be significantly reduced by using EMLA or Indian classical instrumental music. Hence, the choice between EMLA and music could be dictated by logistical factors. Stress reduction through listening to Indian classical music during gastroscopy. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of music on elevated state of anxiety as many patients become stressed and anxious during diagnostic procedures. The study was conducted on consecutive patients undergoing GI endoscopy for various reasons.
Patients were randomly assigned to two groups regardless of sex, age and underlying disease. One group of 54 patients were made to listen to a recorded Indian classical instrumental music before and during the procedure, while the other group of 50 patients did not. Blood pressure, heart rate and respiratory rate were recorded at the beginning of consultation and end of procedure. Perception of procedure using a three point attitude scale was assessed. Our results indicate that the background Indian classical music is efficacious in reducing psychological distress during a gastroscopic examination.
We suggest that music could be applied to other medical situations as well, which tend to generate undue psychological stress and anxiety. Music , as a familiar personal and culture medium, can be used to ease anxiety, to act as distractor, to increase discomfort and pain threshold. The debates of music historians, composers, and performers on difficulties in understanding the 20th and 21st Centuries international classical music and the reasons have been ongoing for years. The opinions of music education students on this matter and their interests in music of these periods are a matter of curiosity.
With this research,…. This study investigated the effects of voluntarily empathizing with a musical performer i. Heart rate and heart rate variability, skin conductance level SCL , and respiration rate RR were measured during music listening, and music -induced emotions were quantified using the Geneva Emotional Music Scale immediately after music listening.
Listening to the aria with sad content in a high empathy condition facilitated the emotion of nostalgia and decreased SCL, in comparison to the low empathy condition. Listening to the song with happy content in a high empathy condition also facilitated the emotion of power and increased RR, in comparison to the low empathy condition. To our knowledge, this study offers the first experimental evidence that cognitive empathy influences emotion psychophysiology during music listening.
This study examines the relationship between music preferences and civic activism among participants aged years. Our analyses show that participants who regularly listened to certain music genres such as classical , opera , musicals , new age, easy listening, house, world music , heavy metal, punk, and ska were significantly more likely to….
Influence of classical and rock music on red blood cell rheological properties in rats. A number of studies have reported physiological effects of music. Different types of music have been found to induce different alterations. Although some physiological and psychological parameters have been demonstrated to be influenced by music , the effect of music on hemorheological parameters such as red blood cell RBC deformability and aggregation are unknown.
This study aimed at investigating the effects of classical and rock music on hemorheological parameters in rats. Twenty-eight rats were divided into four groups: the control, noise-applied, and the classical music - and rock music -applied groups. Taped classical or rock music were played repeatedly for 1 hour a day for 2 weeks and dB machine sound was applied to the noise-applied rats during the same period.
RBC deformability and aggregation were measured using an ektacytometer. RBC deformability was found to be increased in the classical music group. Exposure to both classical and rock music resulted in a decrement in erythrocyte aggregation, but the decline in RBC aggregation was of a higher degree of significance in the classical music group. Exposure to noise did not have any effect on the parameters studied. The results of this study indicate that the alterations in hemorheological parameters were more pronounced in the classical music group compared with the rock music group.
Playing-related musculoskeletal disorders among icelandic music students: differences between students playing classical vs rhythmic music. Most research studies investigating the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders affecting musicians and music students have focused on classical music , while less is known about their prevalence in other music genres. The purpose of this study was to document cumulative and point prevalence of playing-related musculoskeletal disorders PRMD among music students in Iceland and, specifically, to identify differences between those studying classical vs rhythmic music.
We hypothesized that students of classical music would report more frequent and more severe musculoskeletal disorders than students involved in rhythmic music , as classical instruments and composition typically require more demanding, sustained postures during practice and performance. A total of 74 students from two classical music schools schools A and B and 1 rhythmic school school C participated in the study by answering a questionnaire assessing PRMDs. The cumulative prevalence was highest in music school A The difference found between students who play classical vs rhythmic music may be explained by different demands of the instruments and composition on playing posture.
Previous work on the use of background music suggests conflicting results in various psychological, behavioral, and educational measures. This quasi-experiment examined the effect of integrating classical background music during a lecture on stress, anxiety, and knowledge. A total of 42 nursing students participated this study. We utilized independent sample t-test and multivariate analysis of variance to examine the effect of classical background music. We provided literature to explain the non-significant result. Although classical music failed to establish a significant influence on the dependent variables, classical background music during lecture hours can be considered a non-threatening stimulus.
We recommend follow up studies regarding the role of classical background music in regulating attention control of nursing students during lecture hours. Recently, Mathur et al. In this review, we discuss the findings of Mathur et al. Using, Mathur et al. Projecting the voice: observations of audience behaviours in ICT-mediated contemporary opera. This paper examines how audiences experience live opera performance and the behaviours they exhibit during live-streaming of the performance.
It aims to contribute to our understanding of how audiences, who increasingly inhabit an environment saturated with digital media, respond to contemporary opera performance. Based on a comparative study of audience experiences and behaviours during a live opera performance and the streamed opera screening, we investigate whether digital mediation affects audience appreciation, and whether streaming live opera means the same thing to an audience as the unmediated performance.
We firstly outline the conception, design and performance of a contemporary opera and its simultaneous streaming to nearby digital screens. Then, we report the evaluation of the project as measured by a mix of qualitative and quantitative methods during the rehearsals, the live performance and the screening. As one of the few social studies of contemporary classical music in Britain, our study of opera audience behaviours sheds light on the challenges and opportunities afforded by digital technologies for opera companies. Understanding how audiences appreciate digital operas offers practical advice on how theatres and opera companies could respond to new forms of digital activities.
Alcohol portrayals in movies, music videos and soap operas and alcohol use of young people: current status and future challenges. To provide an overview of studies of the effects of alcohol portrayals in movies, music videos and soap operas on alcohol consumption among young people. Moreover, we highlight important issues that need to be addressed in future research. This paper reviews the current literature on alcohol portrayals on-screen and the associated gaps and challenges in alcohol media research.
Thirteen longitudinal studies, 8 cross-sectional studies and 6 experimental studies examined the effects of alcohol portrayals on-screen on alcohol consumption among young people. They showed a relation between on-screen alcohol exposure and onset and progression of alcohol consumption. A distinction can be made between long-term effects and immediate effects on alcohol consumption. Only lately, more attention has been paid to processes underlying the effects of on-screen alcohol exposure.
Replication of findings and development of new research designs is essential. On-screen alcohol exposure does not affect everyone. It is important to test individual differences in susceptibility to on-screen alcohol portrayals. Further, not all media alcohol portrayal might provoke similar effects.
It is therefore essential to test the effect of different types of alcohol portrayals. Opera : Not for Adults Only. Its aim was to acquaint the public school's faculty, parents, and students with the technical and performance aspects of opera production. The purpose of this study was to examine if there is any relationship on reading comprehension when background classical music is played in the setting of a 7th and 8th grade classroom. This study also examined if there was a statistically significant difference in test anxiety when listening to classical music while completing a test.
Differentiation of classical music requires little learning but rhythm. Chinese participants rated pairs of excerpts presented auditorily as more similar as their compositional styles were closer in history. Moreover, the styles were considered by all participants as more different when presented in historical order, the older style preceding the more recent style e. Baroque followed by Romantic , than the reverse e. Romantic followed by Baroque. This historical distance effect appears related to rhythm or temporal variability.
Music and the Three Appeals of Classical Rhetoric. Contends that rhetorical theory of the sixteenth through the eighteenth centuries influenced the theory of the composition of music and offers examples of vocal music which was adapted to the rhetorical appeals of logos, ethos, and pathos. Effect of lullaby and classical music on physiologic stability of hospitalized preterm infants: a randomized trial. Music is considered a subset of developmental supportive care. It may act as a suitable auditory stimulant in preterm infants.
Also, it may reduce stress responses in autonomic, motor and state systems. To assess and compare the influence of lullaby and classical music on physiologic parameters. This is a randomized clinical trial with cross-over design. A total of 25 stable preterm infants with birth weight of grams were studied for six consecutive days. Each infant was exposed to three phases: lullaby music , classical music , and no music control for two days each. The sequence of these phases was assigned randomly to each subject.
Babies were continuously monitored for heart rate, respiratory rate, and oxygen saturation and changes between phases were analyzed. The effects of classical music disappeared once the music stopped. Oxygen saturation did not change during intervention. Music can affect vital signs of preterm infants; this effect can possibly be related to the reduction of stress during hospitalization. The implications of these findings on clinical and developmental outcomes need further study.www.cantinesanpancrazio.it/components/jometexid/198-come-spiare-whatsapp.php
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What does it take to become a successful performer of Western classical music in the United States today? What factors, beyond technical proficiency and musicality , come into play? We started exploring these questions in a study of gatekeepers' e. Classical Piano Instrumental Music has been used for meditation hitherto.
This study tried to discover the insights and opinions of individuals with no formal musical training and how it may affect their mood, emotions, feelings, imagination, attitude, perception in life, and personality. The researcher conducted this study in order to determine…. This study was an examination of participants' preference for classical music excerpts presented in differentiated types of music video formats.
Participants listened to and viewed music video…. Western classical music development: a statistical analysis of composers similarity, differentiation and evolution. This paper proposes a statistical analysis that captures similarities and differences between classical music composers with the eventual aim to understand why particular composers 'sound' different even if their 'lineages' influences network are similar or why they 'sound' alike if their 'lineages' are different.
This paper also represents a first step towards a more ambitious goal of developing an evolutionary model of Western classical music. The time of a decision of mathematical logical tasks MLT was decreased during classical musical accompaniment power 35 and 65 dB. Music 85 dB did not influence on the process of decision of MLT.
Decision without the musical accompaniment led to increasing of coherent function values in beta1, beta2, gamma frequency ranges in EEG of occipital areas with prevalence in a left hemisphere. A coherence of potentials was decreased in EEG of frontal cortex. Music decreasing of making-decision time enhanced left-sided EEG asymmetry The intrahemispheric and the interhemispheric coherences of frontal cortex were increased during the decision of MLT accompanied by music.
Using of musical accompaniment 85 dB produced a right-side asymmetry in EEG and formed a focus of coherent connections in EEG of temporal area of a right hemisphere. Effect of Turkish classical music on blood pressure: a randomized controlled trial in hypertensive elderly patients. Existing studies suggest that music therapy can have favorable effects on hypertension and anxiety.
We therefore set out to investigate the effect of Turkish classical music. To investigate whether Turkish classical music has positive effects on blood pressures and anxiety levels in elderly patients. This was a randomized controlled trial performed on 60 hypertensive patients living in a local elderly home in Adana, Turkey. Following the completion of a socio-demographic form for each patient, Hamilton anxiety scale was applied.
Thereafter, the subjects were randomly divided into two equal-size groups and were allowed to either listen to Turkish classical music music therapy group or have a resting period control group for 25 min. The primary and secondary outcome measures were blood pressure and Hamilton anxiety scale scores, respectively. The mean reduction in systolic blood pressure was The median reductions in diastolic blood pressures were 10 mmHg both in the music therapy and control groups.
The study demonstrated that both Turkish classical music and resting alone have positive effects on blood pressure in patients with hypertension. When compared with individuals without explicit training in music , adult musicians have facilitated neural functions in several modalities. They also display structural changes in various brain areas, these changes corresponding to the intensity and duration of their musical training. Previous studies have focused on investigating musicians with training in Western classical music. However, musicians involved in different musical genres may display highly differentiated auditory profiles according to the demands set by their genre, i.
This hypothesis was tested in a novel melody paradigm including deviants in tuning, timbre, rhythm, melody transpositions, and melody contour. Using this paradigm while the participants were watching a silent video and instructed to ignore the sounds, we compared classical , jazz, and rock musicians' and non-musicians' accuracy of neural encoding of the melody.
In all groups of participants, all deviants elicited an MMN response, which is a cortical index of deviance discrimination. The strength of the MMN and the subsequent attentional P3a responses reflected the importance of various sound features in each music genre: these automatic brain responses were selectively enhanced to deviants in tuning classical musicians , timing classical and jazz musicians , transposition jazz musicians , and melody contour jazz and rock musicians.
Taken together, these results indicate that musicians with different training history have highly specialized cortical reactivity to sounds which violate the neural template for melody content. The purpose of this study is to determine the perceptions of prospective music teachers towards Traditional Turkish Art Music course by means of metaphors.
Phenomenological design, one of qualitative study methods, was used in the study. The study group of our research consists of juniors and seniors studying in the Music Education Division,…. The effect of live classical piano music on the vital signs of patients undergoing ophthalmic surgery. Music and surgery. To determine the effect of live classical piano music on vital signs of patients undergoing ophthalmic surgery. Retrospective case series. Francis Medical Center.
Blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate measured in the preoperative holding area were compared with the same parameters taken in the operating room, with and without exposure to live piano music. A paired t-test was used for statistical analysis. Mean arterial pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate. Context Music and surgery.
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Objective To determine the effect of live classical piano music on vital signs of patients undergoing ophthalmic surgery. Design Retrospective case series. Setting and Patients patients who underwent various ophthalmologic procedures in a period during which a piano was present in the operating room of St. Main outcome measure Mean arterial pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate.
Results patients who were exposed to live piano music showed a statistically significant decrease in mean arterial blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate in the operating room compared with their vital signs measured in the preoperative holding area P music showed a statistically significant increase in mean arterial blood pressure P classical piano music lowered the blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate in patients undergoing ophthalmic surgery.
Change Ringing - communicating climate change through contemporary classical music. Change Ringing is a collaborative artwork by artist Peter Shenai and composer Laurence Osborn that forms around a playable sculpture and a large-scale composition. The sculpture incorporates a set of six bronze bells designed and cast by artist Peter Shenai. Their shapes are mathematically derived from graphic statistical representations of summer temperatures at seventeen-year intervals over the course of the twentieth century. Arranged according to the chronology of their corresponding data sets and struck in order, the bells voice a series of inharmonic spectra that communicate sonically the story of climate change during the twentieth century.
This series forms the basis for Laurence Osborn's twenty-five minute composition, scored for string orchestra and the bells themselves. In Change Ringing, an artwork that combines music , sculpture, performance, and ritual, we want to move audiences and, in doing so, facilitate their engagement with ideas that are highly relevant today. We believe that the medium of musically organized sound, so often wrongly dismissed as "abstract" and non-referential, can be a more than adequate reflection of lived human experience in the 21st Century, and we work in the hope that Change Ringing will connect with contemporary audiences on the most fundamental level.
A functional MRI study of happy and sad affective states induced by classical music. The present study investigated the functional neuroanatomy of transient mood changes in response to Western classical music. In a pilot experiment, 53 healthy volunteers mean age: Twenty pieces were found to accurately induce the intended emotional states with good reliability, consisting of 5 happy, 5 sad, and 10 emotionally unevocative, neutral musical pieces.
In a subsequent functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI study, the blood oxygenation level dependent BOLD signal contrast was measured in response to the mood state induced by each musical stimulus in a separate group of 16 healthy participants mean age: Mood state ratings during scanning were made by a VAS, which confirmed the emotional valence of the selected stimuli.
Increased BOLD signal contrast during presentation of happy music was found in the ventral and dorsal striatum, anterior cingulate, parahippocampal gyrus, and auditory association areas. Presentation of neutral music was associated with increased BOLD signal responses in the insula and auditory association areas. Our findings suggest that an emotion processing network in response to music integrates the ventral and dorsal striatum, areas involved in reward experience and movement; the anterior cingulate, which is important for targeting attention; and medial temporal areas, traditionally found in the appraisal and processing of emotions.
Copyright Wiley-Liss, Inc. Creating an Opera with Seventh Graders.
Discusses the collaboration between an art and a music teacher whose seventh grade students wrote an opera based on the children's story "The Egyptian Cinderella. Provides helpful hints and considers the benefits of this project. Different amplitude and time distribution of the sound of light and classical music. Physiological responses of preterm newborn infants submitted to classical music therapy. To evaluate the physiological effects of music therapy on hospitalized preterm newborns.
A noncontrolled clinical trial including 12 newborn infants with gestational age classical music therapy twice a day morning and afternoon for three consecutive days. The variables: heart and respiratory rates, oxygen saturation, diastolic and systolic arterial pressures, and body temperature were analyzed before and immediately after each music therapy session.
Music therapy may modify short-term physiological responses of hospitalized preterm newborn infants. Contemporary African-American classical composers Cedric Adderley, John Lane, and Trevor Weston intertwine strands of culture and individual experience to produce musical works whose distinct designs offer cultural resources that music educators can use to integrate diversity into instructional settings. Of special interest is their ability to…. Effect of different types of classical music played at a veterinary hospital on dog behavior and owner satisfaction.
Owners completed a standardized survey regarding the dog's behavior and their satisfaction with the visit. Clinicians completed a separate standardized survey regarding the dog's behavior. Information regarding monetary charges, procedures performed, diagnoses, and physiologic variables was obtained from the electronic medical record after the appointment. Mean anxiety and aggression scores of dogs during the physical examination as rated by owners were significantly greater than those assigned by clinicians.
Visit satisfaction for owners exposed to original classical music was significantly greater than that for owners not exposed to music. Playing classical music at a low volume can be a simple and cost-effective way to improve owner satisfaction with the veterinary visit. Further research is necessary to determine the effects of music on pet anxiety. This article reports on some of the findings from case studies conducted with six secondary school music teachers in New Zealand. The purpose of the study was to investigate and explain the ways in which teachers manage the relationship between classical and popular music in their elective classroom programs, utilizing a theoretical framework….
Animate and inanimate environmental enrichment techniques have been employed within the kennel environment in an attempt to minimise stress experienced by dogs. Previous studies have shown the potential physiological and psychological benefits of auditory stimulation, particularly classical music , within the kennel environment. The study utilised a cross over design in which two groups were exposed to two consecutive 7 day treatments; silence control and classical music test. Group A was studied under silent conditions followed by 7 days of test conditions during which a fixed classical music playlist was played from h.
Group B received treatment in the reverse order. Results showed that auditory stimulation induced changes in HRV and behavioural data indicative of reduced stress levels in dogs in both groups salivary cortisol data did not show any consistent patterns of change throughout the study. Interestingly, HRV and. This 9-week, Quinmester course of study is designed to teach the principal types of vocal, instrumental, and operatic compositions of the classical period through listening to the styles of different composers and acquiring recognition of their works, as well as through developing fastidious listening habits.
The course is intended for those…. The composition of precarity: 'emerging' composers' experiences of opportunity culture in contemporary classical music. This paper examines the precarious working lives of 'emerging' composers attempting to build a career in the world of new classical music in the UK. This topic is approached by considering the 'composition opportunity', success in which is seen as an important element in 'making it' in this sphere.
We argue that such schemes in fact manifest a crucial tension in the nature of artistic labour, and are, at the very least, problematic in their function as conduits towards full professional identity. They may instead act to maintain the precarious working situation of composers in a neoliberal age. The working lives of artists are all too rarely illuminated, and new music composers are no exception; this survey of 47 emerging composers is the largest study of such individuals in the UK. Introduction to Opera : A Guide for the Instructor.
A guide for teaching the essential musical elements of opera to undergraduate students is provided. The course centers around "The Marriage of Figaro" by Mozart. It is presented in four sections. In section I, students investigate type casting of opera singers in terms of the ranges of their voices. Students learn to differentiate coloratura,….
Cross-modal associations between materic painting and classical Spanish music. The study analyses the existence of cross-modal associations in the general population between a series of paintings and a series of clips of classical guitar music. Because of the complexity of the stimuli, the study differs from previous analyses conducted on the association between visual and auditory stimuli, which predominantly analyzed single tones and colors by means of psychophysical methods and forced choice responses.
More recently, the relation between music and shape has been analyzed in terms of music visualization, or relatively to the role played by emotion in the association, and free response paradigms have also been accepted. Because of the complexity of the stimuli, it was decided to have the maximum possible uniformity of style, composition and musical color.
The results show that multisensory features expressed by adjectives such as "quick," "agitated," and "strong," and their antonyms "slow," "calm," and "weak" characterized both the visual and auditory stimuli, and that they may have had a role in the associations. Contrary to what was expected, the musical mode usually related to feelings of happiness major mode , or to feelings of sadness minor mode , and spatial orientation vertical and horizontal did not play a significant role in the association. The consistency of the associations was shown when evaluated on the whole sample, and after considering the different backgrounds and.
The consistency of the associations was shown when evaluated on the whole sample, and after considering the. The effects of diseases, drugs, and chemicals on the creativity and productivity of famous sculptors, classic painters, classic music composers, and authors. Many myths, theories, and speculations exist as to the exact etiology of the diseases, drugs, and chemicals that affected the creativity and productivity of famous sculptors, classic painters, classic music composers, and authors. To emphasize the importance of a modern clinical chemistry laboratory and hematology coagulation laboratory in interpreting the basis for the creativity and productivity of various artists.
The analysis includes their illnesses, their famous artistic works, and the modern clinical chemistry, toxicology, and hematology coagulation tests that would have been important in the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases. The associations between illness and art may be close and many because of both the actual physical limitations of the artists and their mental adaptation to disease. Although they were ill, many continued to be productive. If modern clinical chemistry, toxicology, and hematology coagulation laboratories had existed during the lifetimes of these various well-known individuals, clinical laboratories might have unraveled the mysteries of their afflictions.
The illnesses these people endured probably could have been ascertained and perhaps treated. Diseases, drugs, and chemicals may have influenced their creativity and productivity. This study examines the recognition of emotion in contemporary commercial music CCM and classical styles of singing.
This information may be useful in improving the training of interpretation in singing. This is an experimental comparative study. Thirteen singers 11 female, 2 male with a minimum of 3 years' professional-level singing studies in CCM or classical technique or both participated. They sang at three pitches females: a, e1, a1, males: one octave lower expressing anger, sadness, joy, tenderness, and a neutral state. Twenty-nine listeners listened to short 0. The listeners were asked which emotion they heard. Activity and valence were derived from the chosen emotions. The recognition percentage for the CCM-style singing technique was higher Valence and activation were better perceived than the emotions themselves, and activity was better recognized than valence.
A higher pitch was more likely to be perceived as joy or anger, and a lower pitch as sorrow. Both valence and activation were better recognized in the female CCM samples than in the other samples. There are statistically significant differences in the recognition of emotions between classical and CCM styles of singing. Furthermore, in the singing voice, pitch affects the perception of emotions, and valence and activity are more easily recognized than emotions.
Published by Elsevier Inc. Cardiac autonomic regulation during exposure to auditory stimulation with classical baroque or heavy metal music of different intensities. The effects of chronic music auditory stimulation on the cardiovascular system have been investigated in the literature. However, data regarding the acute effects of different styles of music on cardiac autonomic regulation are lacking. The literature has indicated that auditory stimulation with white noise above 50 dB induces cardiac responses.
We aimed to evaluate the acute effects of classical baroque and heavy metal music of different intensities on cardiac autonomic regulation. The study was performed in 16 healthy men aged years. All procedures were performed in the same soundproof room. HRV was recorded at rest for 10 minutes.
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Subsequently, the volunteers were exposed to one of the two musical styles classical baroque or heavy metal music for five minutes through an earphone, followed by a five-minute period of rest, and then they were exposed to the other style for another five minutes. The subjects were exposed to three equivalent sound levels dB, dB and dB. The sequence of songs was randomized for each individual. Auditory stimulation with heavy metal music did not influence HRV indices in the time and frequency domains in the three equivalent sound level ranges. The same was observed with classical baroque musical auditory stimulation with the three equivalent sound level ranges.
Musical auditory stimulation of different intensities did not influence cardiac autonomic regulation in men. A statistical physics view of pitch fluctuations in the classical music from Bach to Chopin: evidence for scaling. Because classical music has greatly affected our life and culture in its long history, it has attracted extensive attention from researchers to understand laws behind it. Based on statistical physics, here we use a different method to investigate classical music , namely, by analyzing cumulative distribution functions CDFs and autocorrelation functions of pitch fluctuations in compositions.
We analyze 1, compositions of five representative classical music composers across years from Bach, to Mozart, to Beethoven, to Mendelsohn, and to Chopin. In particular, for the compositions of a composer, the positive and negative tails of a CDF of pitch fluctuations are distributed not only in power laws with the scale-free property , but also in symmetry namely, the probability of a treble following a bass and that of a bass following a treble are basically the same for each composer.
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